Southern African Safari Wildlife Guide

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Our Southern African Safari Wildlife guide is set up to give you an overview of the animals you can expect to find in the game reserves and National Parks of Southern Africa.

Popular Southern African Safari Wildlife Destinations include the Kruger National Park, the Kgalagadi Trans Frontier Park and the Addo Elephant National Park in South Africa.

In Namibia, Etosha is without doubt the premier destination.

The North and South Luangwa Parks in Zambia is another good choice to view wildlife in their natural habitat. The Niassa Reserve in the North West of Mozambique is probably one of the remotest places in Africa to go on a safari.

In Botswana, a safari to the Okavango Delta and Chobe National Park will certainly fulfil your expectations to view the Big Five and other animals

These are just to name a few Southern African Safari Wildlife destinations.

an African Safari and Wildlife go together like a hand in a glove!

Elephant,Kruger National ParkHuge old African Elephant, Kruger Park

The first thing you want do once you are at your destination is to see what animals you can spot.

In some of the bigger Game Reserve you can do game drives in your own vehicle.

All of them offer game drives with trained guides to help you identify the various animals and to give you background info on their habits.

They also offer night drives which is great because you then get the opportunity to view wildlife that only come out at night.

Below is a list that we have compiled of some of the Southern African Safari Wildlife that you can expect to see or encounter in the various Game Reserves.

For ease of use we sorted the Southern African Safari guide in groups starting with the Big 5. Everybody wants to see the Big Five!

Big Five:

Other Big Game:

Animals with hooves:

Predators:

Small Mammals:

Southern African Safari Wildlife Guide:
- Big Five:

Lion:

Habitat - Lions can be found in any habitat where there is food for them.

African LionAfrican Lion
Lion and Rhino Park
Cradle of Humankind
South Africa

Food - Carnivorous, preying on other animals.

Habits - The only cat to form a pride of up to 20 animals. Although the pride leader is the dominant male it is usually the females that do the hunting. Lions are mostly nocturnal but are often seen during the day, especially early morning and late afternoons.

Size - A full grown male can weigh up to 240kg and the female up to 180kg.

Life Expectancy - A lion can live up to 20 years.

Natural enemies - Crocodiles


Leopard:

Habitat - Leopards like thickets such as found along river banks, rocky outcrops and ravines throughout Southern Africa.

LeopardLeopard
Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa

Food - Carnivorous, living off small animals such as antelope, hyrax and field mice.

Habits - Leopards usually keep their own company except during the mating season. They are usually active at night but are sometimes spotted during the day, especially early morning and late afternoon.

Size - A full grown male can weigh up to 82 kg, females nearly half of that.

Life Expectancy - A leopard can live up to 20 years.

Natural enemies - Lions and Crocodiles


African Elephant:

Habitat - Elephants are quite adaptable and can live in various habitats. They prever regions with enough food and clean water.

African Elephant, Pilanesberg, South AfricaAfrican Elephant
Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa

Food - Elephants live on grass, bark, leaves and fruit. They will cover huge distances to find food and water.

Habits - Elephants live in herds of up to 200 animals. An elephant's trunk is both his nose and hand with which he plucks branches off trees to stuff into its mouth as well as to suck up water to drink. Their tusks can grow to more than 3 meters in length and weigh as much as a 100kg.

Size - Bulls can weigh up to 6000kg and cows up to 4000kg.

Life Expectancy - Elephants can live up to 65 years.

Natural enemies - Lions


African Buffalo:

Habitat - They prefer bushveld close to water with enough grass and shade.

BuffaloAfrican Buffalo
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Grass but will eat leaves and shoots as well. They drink a lot of water.

Habits - Buffalo can be found singly, in small herds and even in huge herds of several hundred animals. They are active during the day but are most active during the cooler hours at dusk.

Size - Bulls can weigh up to 820 kg and the cows up to 750 kg.

Life Expectancy - Eland can live up to 12 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions


Rhino or Rhinoceros:

Habitat - White Rhinos prefer open bushveld with short grass, lots of water and some thickets for shelter while the Black Rhino prefers trees, thick bush and ample water.

RhinoWhite Rhino
Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa

Food - The white rhino eats short grass while the black rhino prefers leaves, branches and thorns.

Habits - There are two species, the White Rhino and Black Rhino. White Rhinos forms small groups but the Black rhino normally keeps its own company. The White Rhino territorial bull marks his area with dung heaps and spraying urine. They usually stay very close to their area. Black Rhinos like taking mud baths and resting under trees during the day. Although they are loners the calf will stay with the mother.

Size - The white rhino is the bigger of the two, weighing up to 2400kg. The black Rhino weighs up to 1000kg.

Life Expectancy - White Rhinos up to 45 years and Black Rhinos up to 40 years.

Natural enemies - Lions

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Southern African Safari Wildlife Guide:
- Big Game:

Hippo or Hippopotamus:

Habitat - Found in rivers and lakes with open water and sandbanks.

HipposHippos
Lion & Rhino Park
Cradle of Humankind
South Africa

Food - Grass

Habits - Hippos usually sleep during the day either in the water or on sandbanks. They graze at night and can consume up to 130 kg of grass per night. Hippos form small groups of up to 15 animals. Hippos are normally peaceful animals but can get very aggressive, especially with baby hippos around.

Size - Hippos can weigh up to 2000kg.

Life Expectancy - Hippos can live up to 39 years.

Natural enemies - Lions.


Other: (Refer to Big Five Section Above)

  • African Elephant
  • White Rhino
  • Black Rhino
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Southern African Safari Wildlife Guide:
- Animals with Hooves:

Impala:

Habitat - Impalas are found in open bushveld to thick riverside brush.

Impala, Kruger National ParkImpala
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Leaves and grass Habits - Impala are most active during the daytime. They form herds of up to 20 animals

Size - Impala rams can weigh up to 82kg and the ewes 52kg

Life Expectancy - Impalas live up to 12 years of age.

Natural enemies -  Lions, Leopards, Cheetahs, African Wild Dogs, Spotted Hyenas and Pythons.






Springbok:


Habitat -
Springbok are found in the more arid areas of Southern Africa on open grassland, open shrub land and in dry riverbeds.

Springbok, Pilanesberg National ParkSpringbok
Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa

Food - Leaves and grass Habits - Springbok usually occur in small groups but during spring they congregate in huge herds.

Size - Springbok rams weighs up to 48kg and the ewes 44kg.

Life Expectancy - Springbok can live up to 10 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Cheetahs, African Wild Dogs and Spotted Hyenas.


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Blesbok:

Habitat -
Blesbuck are found on open veld and grassland of the South African Highveld.

Blesbuck, Ezemvelo Nature ReserveBlesbuck
Ezemvelo Nature Reserve
South Africa

Food - They feed on grass only and prefer to graze on short grass.

Habits - The ewes and young usually form small herds while the rams keep to themselves. They prefer grazing in the early mornings and late afternoons while resting through the heat of the day.

Size - Blesbuck weigh up to 70kg and the ewes 61kg.

Life Expectancy - Blesbuck can live up to 11 years of age.

Natural enemies - Cheetahs.


Bontebok:

Habitat - Bontebok are exclusively found in the Western Cape of South Africa.

Food - Grass, preferably short grass.

Habits - Bontebok forms seperate herds containing rams and ewes. Some rams are loners and territorial. They graze in early mornings and late afternoons, resting during the midday heat.

Size - Bontebok rams weighs up to 64kg and the ewes 59kg.

Life Expectancy - Bontebok can live up to 11 years of age.

Natural enemies - Leopards.


Eland:

Habitat - They are found in various habitats that range from shrub covered flats and Bushveld as well as mountainous grassland throughout Southern Africa.

Eland, Ezemvelo Nature ReserveEland
Ezemvelo Nature Reserve
South Africa

Food - Leaves and grass

Habits - Eland usually form small herd of 8 to 12 animals. Bigger herds are sometimes found. They graze during the day and into the night.

Size - The bulls weigh up to 700kg and the cows 460kg

Life Expectancy - Eland can live up to 12 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions


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Blue Wildebeest:

Habitat - Open Bushveld with short grass and close to water.

Blue Wildebeest, Kruger National ParkBlue Wildebeest
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Short grass

Habits - Blue Wildebeest usually forms hers of 20 to 30 animals but huge herds do occur as well, especially when migrating. They are active during daylight hours grazing during the cooler hours and resting in shade during the midday heat.

Size - Bulls weigh up to 270 kg and the cows 200kg

Life Expectancy - Blue Wildebeest can live up to 20 years of age

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Cheetahs, African Wild Dogs and Spotted Hyenas


Black Wildebeest:

Habitat - Open grassland with enough water in the central parts of South Africa

Black Wildebeest, Ezemvelo Nature ReserveBlack Wildebeest
Ezemvelo Nature Reserve
South Africa

Food - Grass

Habits - Black Wildebeest form herds of up to 50 animals. They usually graze during the early morning and late afternoons when it is cooler while resting during the heat of the day.

Size - Bulls weigh up to 180 kg and the cows 140kg

Life Expectancy - Black Wildebeest can live up to 20 years of age.

Natural enemies - None

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Grey Duiker:

Habitat - Duikers occur throughout Southern Africa in any habitat where there are thickets and shrubs for shelter and shade.

Grey Duiker, Mokala National ParkGrey Duiker
Mokala National Park
South Africa

Food - Mainly leaves but will also eat sprouts, seeds, fruit and flowers.

Habits - Duikers usually keep their own company except in mating season when you will find them in pairs. They usually graze in the early mornings, late afternoons and during the night. They usually rest under thick bushes during the midday heat.

Size - Rams weigh up to 21kg and the ewes slightly bigger at 25kg.

Life Expectancy - Grey Duikers can live up to 10 years of age.

Natural enemies - Leopards, Caracal, Wild Dogs and Lions.


Steenbok:

Habitat - Steenbok are found through most of Southern Africa. They like open grassland with some shrubs and trees.

Steenbok, Kruger National ParkSteenbok
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Grass and leaves and sometimes roots and bulbs. They very seldom drink water.

Habits - Steenbok are found in pairs and singly. They are territorial and mark their territory boundaries with dungheaps which they regularly mark. Steenbok graze during the cooler hours, early mornings, late afternoons and evenings. The rest in a bit of shade during the midday heat.

Size - Both rams and ewes can weigh up to 13kg. Life Expectancy - Steenbok can live up to 6 years of age.

Natural enemies - Cheetahs, Leopards, Lions, Caracal, African Wild Dogs, Pythons and Martial Eagles

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Tsessebe:

Habitat - Open Bushveld, grassland close to trees and close to sufficient water.

Food - Grass. They drink a lot of water.

Habits - Tsessebe occur in small herds. Territorial bulls will keep on their own.

Size - Bulls weigh up to 140kg and cows 126kg

Life Expectancy - Tsessebe can live up to 15 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Cheetahs, African Wild Dogs and Spotted Hyenas.


Bushbuck:

Habitat - Thickets along rivers and streams with water. They are found throughout the Eastern parts of Southern Africa.

Bushbuck ewe with young, Kruger National ParkBushbuck Ewe with Youngster
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Leaves, grass, fruit and flowers.

Habits - Bushbuck are very shy animals and are usually found alone. Ewes and youngsters will sometimes form small groups. They usually rest during the day in thickets and come out to graze in the late afternoons and into the night.

Size - Rams can weigh up to 77kg and the ewes 36kg.

Life Expectancy - Bushbuck can live up to 11 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Caracal and Pythons.

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Kudu:

Habitat - Kudus like dense Bushveld close or on hills and mountains, close to streams and water.

Kudu, Marakele National ParkKudu Bull
Marakele National Park
South Africa

Food - Leaves, shoots and grass.

Habits - They are active during the day, grazing during the early morning hours and late afternoons. They form family groups of 5 to 12 animals.

Size - Kudu Bulls can weigh as much as 270kg and the cows up to 210kg.

Life Expectancy - Kudus can live up to 14 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Cheetahs, Spotted Hyenas and African Wild Dogs.




Waterbuck:

Habitat - Always close to water, areas near to rivers, lakes and marshes.

Waterbuck, Pilanesberg National ParkWaterbuck
Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa

Food - Grass, sometimes fruit and leaves. They drink a lot of water.

Habits - Water are active during the day. They form small groups consisting of cows, youngsters and calves. The Bulls are territorial and usually keep to themselves.

Size - Bulls can weigh as much as 270kg and cows 250kg.

Life Expectancy - Waterbuck can live up to 14 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions, Cheetahs, African Wild Dogs and Spotted Hyenas.

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Red Hartebeest:

Habitat - Open spaces, grassland in dry bushveld and semi desert regions.

Red Hartebeest, Ezemvelo Nature ReserveRed Hartebeest
Ezemvelo Nature Reserve
South Africa

Food - Grass. They do need a lot of water.

Habits - Red Hartebeest form small herds of 10 to 20 animals although herds of several hundred have been observed. They usually graze early in the morning and in the late afternoon.

Size - Red Hartebeest bulls can weigh up to 180kg and the cows 136kg.

Life Expectancy - Red Hartebeest can live up to 13 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, African Wild Dogs and Spotted Hyenas


Nyala:

Habitat - Dense brush and trees along river banks. They are very dependent on water.

Nyala cow, Kruger National ParkNyala Cow
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Mainly leaves, also pods, flowers and new grass sprouts.

Habits - Nyalas form small groups of up to 16 animals consisting of a bull, cows and young animals.

Size - Nyala bulls weigh up to 126kg and the cows 68kg.

Life Expectancy - Nyalas can live up to 13 years.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards and Spotted Hyenas

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Klipspringer:

Habitat - Close to or on top of rocky hills and mountains. They are not dependant on water.

Klipspringer, Pilanesberg National ParkKlipspringer
Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa

Food - Mainly leaves but will also eat grass.

Habits - Klipspringers occur singly, in pairs and even in small groups. The rams are territorial and they mark their territory. They usually graze in the early mornings and late afternoons while resting in shade during the midday heat.

Size - The rams weigh up to 12kg and the ewes slighty heavier at 16kg.

Life Expectancy - Klipspringers can live as long as 7 years.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Caracal and Pythons.


Gemsbok:

Habitat - Open grassland in semi desert regions as well as open dry bushveld regions.

Gemsbok, Lion and Rhino ParkGemsbok
Lion and Rhino Park
South Africa

Food - Grass as well as roots and fruit.

Habits - Gemsbok form small herds of 12 animals and more

Size - Gemsbok bulls can weigh up to 240kg and the cows 210kg

Life Expectancy - Gemsbok can live as long as 19 years.

Natural enemies - Lions, Wild Dogs and Spotted Hyenas.

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Sable Antelope:

Habitat - Open Bushveld with medium to long grass on well drained soil. They are always close to water. Sable Antelope does not like thickets and areas with short grass.

Sable Antelope, Mokala National ParkSable Antelope
Mokala National Park
South Africa

Food - Grass, sometimes leaves. They also drink a lot of water.

Habits - Sable Antelope are active during the daytime grazing in the early mornings and late afternoons, resting during the midday heat.

Size - Bulls can weigh up to 270kg and the cows 250kg.

Life Expectancy - Sable Antelope can live up to 17 years.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards and Crocodiles.




Plains Zebra:

Habitat - Open Bushveld with lots of grass and water.

Plains Zebra, Kruger National ParkPlains Zebra
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Mainly grass but sometimes also pods and leaves.

Habits - Zebras form family groups of 4 to 9 animals consisting of the stallion, a couple of mares and the rest youngsters.

Size - Plains Zebras stallions can weigh as much as 340kg and the mares 325kg

Life Expectancy - Plains zebras can live as long as 35 years.

Natural enemies - Lions, Cheetahs and Spotted Hyenas.

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Cape Mountain Zebra:

Habitat - Mountain regions with lots of grass and water

Cape Mountain Zebra, Mountain Zebra National ParkCape Mountain Zebra
Mountain Zebra National Park
South Africa

Food - Mostly grass but sometimes leaves and twigs as well.

Habits - Cape Montain Zebras form family groups consisting of the stallion, some mares and young animals.

Size - The stallions can weigh up to 260kg and the mares 257kg.

Life Expectancy - Cape Mountain Zebras can live up to 35 years.

Natural enemies - None






Warthog:

Habitat - Open Bushveld with marshy areas and open areas around pans and waterholes.

Warthog, Marakele National ParkWarthog
Marakele National Park
South Africa

Food - Grass, fruit and roots.

Habits - Warthogs are active during the day and form groups of up to 10 animals. They love taking mud baths.

Size - Males can weigh up to 100kg and the females 70kg.

Life Expectancy - Warthogs can live up to 20 years.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards and African Wild Dogs.

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Giraffe:

Habitat - Dry Bushveld areas as well as Thorn Tree veld.

Giraffe, Marakele National ParkGiraffe
Marakele National Park
South Africa

Food - Mostly leaves but sometimes young grass shoots,

Habits - Giraffes are active during daytimes. They are usually found in small herds.

Size - Bulls can weigh up to 1395kg and the cows 950kg.

Life Expectancy - Giraffes can live as long as 28 years.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Cheetahs and Spotted Hyenas.

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Other:

  • Sitatunga
  • Lechwe
  • Puku
  • Southern Reedbuck
  • Mountain Reedbuck
  • Roan Antelope
  • Gray Rhebok
  • Oorbietjie
  • Oribi Cape
  • Grysbok
  • Sharpe's Grysbok
  • Suni
  • Damara Dik-dik
  • Red Duiker
  • Blue Duiker
  • Lichtenstein's Hartebeest
  • Hartmann's Mountain Zebra
  • Bushpig
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Southern African Safari Wildlife Guide:
- Predators:

Cheetah

Habitat - Open Bushveld with grassland

Cheetah, Lion and Rhino ParkCheetah
Lion & Rhino Park
Cradle of Humankind
South Africa

Food - Ostriches, small to middle sized antelope, Warthogs, Rabbits and Guinea Fowl

Habits - Cheetahs are often seen in pairs although single animals and sometimes small groups and females with young are also seen.

Size - Males weigh up to 60kg and females 48kg.

Life Expectancy - Cheetahs can live up to 12 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions and Crocodiles.


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Spotted Hyena:

Habitat - Most bushveld regions with enough wildlife to support the Hyenas.

Spotted Hyena, Kruger National ParkSpotted Hyena
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Mainly carrion, anything it can scavenge from dead carcasses, meat, bones and skin.

Habits - Spotted Hyenas are territorial and will form small groups of sometimes up to 12 animals. They are mainly nocturnal but are still seen in the early mornings and late afternoons.

Size - Males can weigh up to 79kg and the females 80kg.

Life Expectancy - Spotted hyenas can live up to 25 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions, Crocodiles.


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Brown Hyena:

Habitat - Open dry bushveld.

Brown Hyena, Pilanesberg National ParkBrown Hyena
Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa

Food - Mainly carrion but will also catch small reptiles, ground birds and other small mammals.

Habits - Mainly nocturnal but are also seen in the early mornings and late afternoons. They are usually seen on their own while looking for food but the do form small groups within their territory.

Size - Males can weigh up to 57kg and the females 48kg.

Life Expectancy - Brown Hyenas can live up to 24 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions. Leopards.


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Black Backed Jackal:

Habitat - Black Backed Jackal are found in most habitat types throughout Southern Africa.

Black Backed Jackal, Pilanesberg National ParkBlack Backed Jackal
Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa

Food - Carrion, small mammals, lambs, insects, birds and even fruit.

Habits - Black Backed Jackal are usually seen on their own but they form pairs within their own territory. They are seen by day and by night. Mostly spotted at dusk and dawn.

Size - Black Backed Jackal can weigh as much as 11.4kg and the females 10kg.

Life Expectancy - Black Backed Jackal can live as long as 13 years.

Natural enemies - Lions and Leopards.

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African Wild Dog:

Habitat - Bushveld with open spaces mainly in the northern parts of Southern Africa

African Wild Dog, Kruger National ParkAfrican Wild Dog
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - They only eat fresh meat, mainly Impalas, Springbok and Blue Wildebeest.

Habits - African Wild dogs live and hunt in packs. The packs can consist of anything between 10 and 15 animals although larger packs have been observed.

Size - African Wild Dogs weigh up to 32kg.

Life Expectancy - African Wild Dogs can live as long as 10 years.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards




Other:

  • Lion (Refer to Big 5 section above)
  • Leopard (Refer to big 5 section above)
  • Serval
  • Caracal
  • African Wild Cat
  • Small Spotted Cat
  • Aardwolf
  • Side Striped Jackal
  • Bat Eared Fox
  • Cape Fox
  • Honey Badger
  • African Civet
  • Small Spotted Genet
  • Large Spotted Genet
  • Striped Polecat
  • Yellow Mongoose
  • Slender Mongoose
  • Cape Grey Mongoose
  • White-tailed Mongoose
  • Marsh Mongoose
  • Banded Mongoose
  • Dwarf Mongoose
  • Meerkat
  • Large Grey Mongoose
  • African Clawless Otter
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Southern African Safari Wildlife Guide:
- Small Mammals:

Baboon:

Habitat - Baboons are found throughout Southern Africa in most habitats but they do prefer mountains and areas with lots of trees.

Baboon, Kruger National ParkBaboon
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Fruit, berries, insects, scorpions and meat.

Habits - Baboons forms groups of as many as 70 animals with a very clear cut hierarchy from the leader with his dominant males and their families down the ranks to youngsters who also at this young age are already sorting out whos who in the food chain.. They sleep on high cliffs or in tall trees and descend in the mornings to look for food.

Size - Male Baboons can weigh up to 44kg and the females 17kg.

Life Expectancy - Baboons can live up to 18 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions and Leopards.


Vervet Monkey:

Habitat - Vervet Monkeys are usually found in areas with lots of trees along river banks.

Vervet Monkey, Kruger National ParkVervet Monkey
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Fruit, flowers, leaves, seeds, insects, tree gum, birds and eggs.

Habits - Vervet Monkeys are active during daylight hours, They are extremely agile and excellent climbers, swinging from branch to branch like acrobats. They form groups of up to 20 animals.

Size - Males can weigh as much as 8kg and the females 5kg

Life Expectancy - Vervet Monkeys can live up to 12 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Caracal and Crowned Eagles.

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Rock Hyrax:

Habitat - Rocks, cliffs, rocky hills with tree cover.

Rock Hyrax, Augrabies National ParkRock Hyrax
Augrabies National Park
South Africa

Food - Grass, leaves, shrubs and weeds.

Habits - Rock Hyrax are active during the daytime and form groups from as little as 4 animals to several hundred. They love to sun themselves in the early morning. They feed throughout the day and even in the evenings. They are quite good tree climbers as well.

Size - Males weigh up to 4.7kg and the females 4.2kg.

Life Expectancy - Rock Hyrax can live up to 6 years of age.

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Brown Hyenas, Caracal, Pythons, Black Eagles, Martial Eagles and African Hawk Eagles.

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South African Ground Squirrel:

Habitat - Dry, open flatlands with firm soil and low growing shrubs here and there.

South African Ground Squirrel, Witsand Nature ReserveSouth African Ground Squirrel
Witsand Nature Reserve
South Africa

Food - Leaves, grass, seeds, roots, bulbs and insects.

Habits - Ground Squirrels are active during the day, They form groups of up to 30 animals. They tunnel under the ground and form a warren underground.

Size - Males can weigh just more than 1kg and the females 750g.

Life Expectancy - Ground Squirrels can live up to 15 years.

Natural enemies - Black Backed Jackal, Brown, Hyena, Caracal, Lion, Leopard, Martial Eagle and Giant Eagle Owl.


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Tree Squirrel:

Habitat - Occur in dry Bushveld and trees, especially mixed Thorn and Mopanie veld.

Tree Squirrel, Kruger National ParkTree Squirrel
Kruger National Park
South Africa

Food - Berries, leaves, fruit, seeds, flowers, bark and sometimes insects.

Habits - Tree Squirrels usually grazes on their own although sometimes you will see in small groups. They usually graze on the ground but will scamper up the nearest tree when startled.

Size - Males can weigh up to 240g and the females 265g.

Life Expectancy - South African Tree Squirrels can live as long as 8 years..

Natural enemies - Lions, Leopards, Caracal and Martial Eagles


Other:

  • Aardvark
  • Ground Pangolin
  • Greater Canerat
  • South African Hedgehog
  • Cape Porcupine
  • Scrub Hare
  • Cape Hare
  • Red Rock Rabbit
  • Springhare
  • South African Galago (Bush Baby)
  • Greater Galago (Bush Baby)
  • Blue Monkey (Samango)
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The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa:

The quick facts provided above was sourced from the book, The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa by Burger Cillie. The photographs are my own.

I personally use this guide and always take it along when on Safari in Southern Africa. It is a very user friendly Guide to Southern African Safari Wildlife containing all the salient facts you need to identify each animal and to understand their habits.

The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa is a great help to know where you can expect find each animal in the wilderness by understanding what they eat and what their habits are.

If you get to know the habits of the African Safari Wildlife mentioned in this article you will be able to find them. For that reason I highly recommend The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa which you can purchase from Amazon. It will help to make your safari in Southern Africa a really great experience.


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